Select your language

Suggested languages for you:
Log In Start studying!
StudySmarter - The all-in-one study app.
4.8 • +11k Ratings
More than 3 Million Downloads
Free
|
|

All-in-one learning app

  • Flashcards
  • NotesNotes
  • ExplanationsExplanations
  • Study Planner
  • Textbook solutions
Start studying

American Independence War

Save Save
Print Print
Edit Edit
Sign up to use all features for free. Sign up now
American Independence War

The Revolutionary War, or American War of Independence, took place between 1775 and 1783 following years of increasingly tense relations between colonists and the British government. After the Boston Tea Party in 1773, Great Britain responded by passing the Intolerable Acts of 1774. Then, the First Continental Congress was formed to address the colonists’ list of grievances, and war soon broke out.

The American troops were underfunded, undersupplied, and outmanned - how exactly did they defeat British troops?

The Intolerable Acts: Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts in response to the Boston Tea Party. These series of acts were designed to restore Great Britain’s authority in the colonies, punish Massachusetts for the destruction of private property, and overall reform the colonial government.

Colonists were upset that they were being unfairly taxed whilst having no representatives in Parliament. They became further agitated after they learned that King George III had hired German mercenaries to fight in the war and had blockaded American ports.

The American War of Independence: important dates

DateEvent
23 December 1773The Boston Tea Party.
September–October 1774The First Continental Congress met in Philadelphia.
19 April 1775The first shots of the war were fired during the battles of Concord and Lexington.
2–4 July 1776The Declaration of Independence was adopted and signed by the Second Continental Congress.
7 October 1777Second Battle of Saratoga. British General John Burgoyne surrendered his entire army.
Winter 1777–78The Continental Army encamped at Valley Forge outside Philadelphia.
September–October 1781Siege of Yorktown. Lord General Charles Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington.
3 September 1783The Treaty of Paris ended the war between Great Britain and the United States.

Timeline of the American War of Independence

Fighting officially broke out on 19 April 1775, in Boston, Massachusetts. After British forces destroyed colonial powder stores, the Massachusetts militia retaliated by harassing the British army that was stationed there. Soon after, the Second Continental Congress appointed George Washington to be the Commander in Chief of the Continental Army.

The Olive Branch Petition

The Olive Branch Petition was a petition drafted by the moderates in Congress. It was adopted on 5 July 1775 and signed on 8 July. This bill offered to accept royal authority as long as King George III mediated the dispute between Great Britain and America. However, the Petition had been sent after the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms. This declaration, which was sent on 6 July 1775, basically stated why the Thirteen Colonies had taken up arms against Great Britain. Since the Petition was sent after, it was seen as insincere and the Colonial Secretary refused to present the Petition to the king. As a result, the Petition was rejected in early September.

Although this move was constitutionally acceptable, it disappointed those who had wanted George III to mediate this dispute and the hostile response annoyed even moderate members of Congress. The rejection of the Olive Branch Petition signalled that this movement would not end peacefully.

Declaration of Independence

In July 1776, Congress appointed a committee of five to draft a Declaration of Independence. This committee was made up of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert Livingston. The Declaration stated that the colonies were free from the rule and authority of the British government.

Congress signed and passed the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration accomplished three things: it gave the colonists a sense of unity by labelling them as 'one people', it explicitly listed how George III violated their rights as Englishmen, and it dissolved America’s political ties with Great Britain.

One factor that helped with garnering support for independence was Thomas Paine's pamphlet Common Sense. This pamphlet was widely reprinted and argued for independence from England and for the creation of a democratic republic.

Significant moments and battles of the American War of Independence

The three most significant moments and battles of the American War of Independence were:

  • The Battles of Saratoga.

  • The Valley Forge.

  • The Siege of Yorktown.

Battles of Saratoga

The Battles of Saratoga, which took place between 19 September and 7 October 1777, handed the Americans a decisive victory against British forces.

The fight began when British General John Burgoyne led an army from Champlain Valley, Canada. At the time, General Burgoyne was expecting two more British forces to join him: one force was expected to march north from New York City and the other force was expected to march east from Lake Ontario. After these three troops united, they would march and capture Albany, New York, and divide New England from the other colonies.

However, there were some logistical errors and these two forces never joined General Burgoyne’s troops. Seeing that he was outnumbered and trapped, General Burgoyne retreated to Saratoga and eventually surrendered his entire army there on October 17. These battles were important because they convinced France to formally support the war efforts as America’s ally. Previously, France had only provided supplies, ammunition, and guns.

Think about why delegates were pushing for a Declaration of Independence from Great Britain! They did that because they wanted to explicitly frame this war as something that was not an internal struggle: if the American War of Independence was framed as a war between two countries, then it was more likely that other countries would intervene. When France allied with the US, it was mainly to regain its foothold on the North American continent and weaken its rival, Great Britain. This is because after being defeated by Britain in the Seven Years’ War, France's influence had virtually disappeared from that continent.

Valley Forge

Valley Forge was important because this was when the Continental Army transformed into a real army. During the winter of 1777, Washington retreated to Valley Forge. The army faced many problems during this time: the conditions were poor, there was low morale among the soldiers, and there were problems with the supply distribution. Over 2000 soldiers died, with another 3000 being declared unfit for duty because of a lack of shoes.

The one positive thing that came from this winter was that former Prussian officer Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben joined the army and used this time as an opportunity to introduce army drills and infantry tactics to the entire Continental Army. He accomplished this by only training model companies in each regiment, who then taught their home units. It would not be a stretch to say that it is thanks to his efforts that the Continental Army became an organized fighting unit.

Meanwhile, despite the British forces being stationed only twenty miles away, British General William Howe did not make any efforts to attack Valley Forge. Some argue that if he had taken action, it would have ended the war.

American Independence War, Washington Valley Forge Continental Army, StudySmarterGeorge Washington at Forge Valley, Wikimedia Commons.

Siege of Yorktown

The Siege of Yorktown, between 28 September and 18 October 1781, was an American victory that resulted from a critical misstep on Great Britain’s part. British General Charles Cornwallis had soldiers stationed in Virginia and British General Henry Clinton had troops stationed in New York. Since General Cornwallis’ troops were less well-established than General Clinton’s troops, Washington’s soldiers were en route to attack Virginia because they thought it would be easier to defeat.

However, after Washington and Lafayette moved a combined French and American force into Virginia, General Clinton thought that this army was making preparations to attack New York. He responded to this threat by instructing General Cornwallis to establish a sea base where the Royal Navy could effectively transport General Cornwallis’ troops to New York to help defend the base against American troops.

The Marquis de Lafayette

Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, was a French general who served in the Continental Army. He left France at nineteen to seek a position in the Continental Army. His tactical leadership set him apart from other generals and he was also an important figure in securing more resources from France.

American Independence War, The Marquis de Lafayette 1779, StudySmarterThe Marquis de Lafayette in 1779, Wikimedia Commons.

Once Lafayette entered Virginia, General Cornwallis followed Clinton's orders and withdrew to Yorktown, Virginia, where he waited for the Royal Navy to evacuate his troops. Despite his subordinates advising him to take action, General Cornwallis made no attempt to engage Lafayette’s soldiers. What worsened this situation was that General Cornwallis abandoned the outer defences, which only hastened the British defeat. Naturally, American troops quickly occupied these outer defence posts.

After being barraged by American troops and facing dwindling supply conditions, General Cornwallis felt the futility of his situation. Soon after, he sent emissaries to Washington to negotiate the terms of surrender. After twelve hours of negotiation, the terms were finalized the next day. At this point, the Revolutionary War had ended.

Influence of foreign powers in the American War of Independence

France, Spain, and the Netherlands each became allies of the United States during the American War of Independence and made different contributions to the war effort.

The French

The French Foreign Minister, Charles Gravier, Count of Vergennes, saw the American War of Independence as an opportunity to have the colonies be both economically and militarily dependent on France. Consequently, they levelled the playing field between the colonists and Great Britain by providing the colonists with troops, guns, and ammunition.

It was not until after the Battles of Saratoga that France and the colonies entered into a formal alliance. In February 1778, they signed two treaties: the Treaty of Amity and Commerce, a commercial treaty that regulated trade between the two countries, and a Treaty of Alliance.

The Treaty of Alliance stated that Congress would defend the French West Indies, so long as the French guaranteed US Independence. At the time, many colonists were opposed to a French alliance. They were worried that they would fall under French rule and effectively exchange one form of tyranny for another.

To increase French participation in the Revolutionary War, Silas Deane, who represented the US in Paris, promised command positions to any French officer who joined the Continental Army. While most of the candidates turned out to be incompetent, one exception was Lafayette. Lafayette was a strong candidate in both military affairs and in the political sphere. He was instrumental in garnering more support for Washington among his fellow officers and in promoting the Patriot independence movement in France.

The Spanish and Dutch

Despite being given the offer to join the French-American alliance, Spain refused because they were worried about the impact the Revolution would have on Spanish colonies in the Americas. While they did not formally join the war in America, they provided the French and Americans with access to the Mississippi River.

However, in the 1779 Treaty of Aranjuez, the Spanish government agreed to support France in its global war against Britain. They were hoping that by fighting, they would regain the losses they incurred from the Seven Years' War.

Spain had joined French forces towards the end of the Seven Years' War and was forced to cede Florida to Britain in 1763.

While the Dutch Republic had lost most of its power and was no longer considered a major power, they were still a formidable force in the trade industry. Before 1774, they dominated the European carrying trade. Dutch merchants were able to turn a large profit by shipping French resources to the Patriots.

Why are these foreign powers important?

These foreign powers are important because they prevented Great Britain from focusing all of its resources on fighting the American colonists. In addition, the British government had severely underestimated the support that America was receiving from its allies.

Traditionally, British policy was to employ its land-based allies to fight its opponents. This would effectively divert the opposition forces. For example, during the Seven Years’ War, this role was filled by Prussia. However, during the American War of Independence, not only was Great Britain diplomatically isolated from its allies, but it also faced war on multiple fronts.

At this point, George III decided to concentrate most of the British forces on fighting the European war. The victories that Great Britain had racked up during the Seven Years’ War inflated his confidence and gave him reason to think that ultimately, Great Britain would win over France. In the end, Great Britain was not able to find a powerful ally to engage French forces on the European continent. Consequently, Great Britain was forced to divert major military resources away from America in order to fight the French.

What advantages did American troops have?

There were a few advantages that American troops had when fighting against the British. Colonists had easier access to food, there were more troops that could be used to supplement the main army, and Loyalist forces were often easily defeated by Patriot forces.

Easier access to food

Despite quantitatively lacking more resources, the colonists were at an advantage the longer the war stretched out. This is because the Continental Army depended on local states for food and supplies. In contrast, the British army relied on imports from its mother country. These resources would take six to twelve weeks to arrive by ship.

Moreover, colonial food and supplies were procured from farms from all over the colonies - this area spread across most of the North American Atlantic seaboard. It would have been very difficult for the British force to interrupt this internal distribution system.

Patriots vs Loyalists

Generally speaking, the Patriots received more support from the people than the Loyalists did. One reason for this is that each colony’s capital had its own newspapers and printers. Throughout the war, Great Britain erroneously assumed that the Loyalists would do more of the fighting than they actually did. This is also because wealthy Loyalists had convinced those in the British government that many colonists were still loyal to the Crown.

Patriots: these were the colonists who wanted the Thirteen Colonies to become more self-reliant and independent of Great Britain, though not all supported complete independence at first. The Pennsylvanian John Dickinson, who drafted the Olive Branch Petition in 1775, hoped for reconciliation between the Colonies and Britain but joined the Continental Army after the Declaration of Independence. Samuel Adams of Boston, on the other hand, was a member of the Sons of Liberty and had pushed for American independence for several years.

Loyalists: these were residents of the British American colonies loyal to the Crown and who wanted the Thirteen Colonies to stay connected to Great Britain. Prominent Loyalists included William Franklin, the governor of New Jersey and son of Benjamin Franklin, and some French and Indian War veterans like the rangers John Butler and Robert Rogers.

American Independence War, an engraving depicting a man tarred and feathered, StudySmarterEngraving depicting a man tarred and feathered, Wellcome Collection.During the war, many British strategists tried to rely on the Loyalists to provide more troops for the war efforts. However, this strategy failed because the Patriots enjoyed a higher level of support among the people.

The British cause took a further hit whenever their troops raided local homes. Their actions only served to anger both Patriots and Loyalists. Furthermore, whenever brutal fighting broke out between the Patriots and the Loyalists, neutral colonists in the Carolinas tended to side with the Patriots. On the other hand, Loyalists were able to garner more support when the Patriots attacked those they suspected to be Loyalists. Patriots would attack by either destroying Loyalist property or tarring and feathering.

Tarring and feathering: this is a form of harassment and torture where hot tar is poured on the victim and then feathers are thrown at them. This was first used by the Colonists against British tax collectors. Since the tar was so hot, many of these people suffered painful burns and blisters.

Results of the American War of Independence

The most significant result of the Revolutionary War was American independence. Both sides of the war met in Paris, where they discussed the details of the peace treaty.

Treaty of Paris

The Treaty of Paris officially ended the Revolutionary War. When delegates met to confer about the terms of the treaty, they wanted to address four issues:

  • Independence.

  • Cession of territory up to the Mississippi.

  • Navigation rights into the Gulf of Mexico.

  • Fishing rights in Newfoundland.

Diplomatic tensions

Great Britain, France, and Spain entered negotiations with different goals. Great Britain wanted to strengthen the US enough so that France would not regain a foothold in North America. Previously, France had lost the majority of its North American territory during the Seven Years’ War. Both the French and the Spanish wanted to increase America’s dependence on them so that they could recover from the losses they incurred during the Seven Years’ War.

John Jay was sent as America’s representative to negotiate the terms of the treaty. However, he faced difficulties with Spain over claims involving the Mississippi River. In addition, France was still reluctant to agree to American independence until all of its demands were met. Seeing this, Jay promptly told the British that he was willing to negotiate directly with them. Prime Minister Lord Shelburne, who was in charge of British negotiations, agreed to this proposal.

What did the Treaty promise?

This treaty accomplished three things:

  • It recognised America’s independence and stated that it would gain all of the area east of the Mississippi River, north of Florida, and south of Canada.

  • America would be granted fishing rights in the Grand Banks, off the coast of Newfoundland, and in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.

  • The United States and Great Britain would both be able to access the Mississippi River at any time.

The treaty was signed in Paris on 2 September 1783 and was effective the next day when Britain signed its treaty with France. The final versions of this treaty were exchanged in Paris the following spring, after being ratified respectively by Congress and Parliament. On 25 November 1783, the last British soldiers on US soil were transported from New York to Halifax, Nova Scotia.

The issue of Slavery

Originally, enslaved and free Black Patriots were barred from serving in the Continental Army from 1775, due to fears of a slave uprising. This ban was reversed after Washington convinced Congress in January 1778 that the Continental Army needed more troops. The army had suffered heavy losses from desertion and disease.

After the decision was reversed, the First Rhode Island Regiment was formed in February 1778. This regiment of 225 people included formerly enslaved men whose owners were compensated. While only 140 soldiers of this regiment were black, recruitment stopped in June.

Ultimately, roughly 9000 enslaved African-Americans joined the war effort. Some slave-owners brought their slaves on campaigns, such as George Washington and his slave William Lee. While 5000 enslaved African-Americans served in the Continental Army and Navy, another 4000 worked in militia units, aboard privateers, or as spies.

Despite being promised their freedom, after the war was over, many were returned to their masters. However, there was a small minority who received land grants or Congressional pensions in old age. By contrast, many enslaved African-Americans served with British forces during the war and some 3000 African-American Loyalists were evacuated to Nova Scotia in 1783.

The American War of Independence - Key takeaways

  • The Revolutionary War was necessary in order to establish the United States that exists today.
  • At Valley Forge, the Continental Army transformed into a more disciplined force.
  • The French provided many necessary resources for the colonists.
  • Other countries influenced the war by distracting Great Britain from investing all of its resources towards winning the Revolutionary War.
  • While the Revolutionary War accomplished much, it failed at ending slavery. Consequently, the issue only continued to grow and spiral until it became an unstoppable force that resulted in civil war.
  • The Treaty of Paris officially ended the Revolutionary War and recognized America’s independence and sovereignty.

Frequently Asked Questions about American Independence War

Primarily the Colonies' belief that they were being unfairly treated by the British, and that they had no say in any policies or taxes imposed on them. 

From 1775 to 1783.

The Colonies defeated the British.

A war between the British and the American colonists who wanted independence from the British.

The colonists felt that the British were violating their natural rights and feared that the British would start to impose more and more restrictive laws on them.

Final American Independence War Quiz

Question

What did the Treaty of Paris accomplish?

Show answer

Answer

This Treaty officially ended the Revolutionary War. Representatives of Great Britain met with representatives of the US in Paris on September 3, 1783.

Show question

Question

Why did the British offer generous terms in the Treaty of Paris?

Show answer

Answer

The British offered very favorable terms in the Treaty of Paris because Prime Minister Shelburne wanted to create friendly trade relations between Great Britain and the US.

Show question

Question

Why is only Article 1 of the Treaty of Paris still in effect? 


Show answer

Answer

Article 1 acknowledges the US’ existence as a free and independent country with full sovereignty. The other terms became invalid because the US territory grew over the years.  

Show question

Question

Which countries were gathered at the Treaty of Paris? 


Show answer

Answer

  • France
  • United States
  • Great Britain 
  • Spain 

Show question

Question

What four things were covered in the Treaty of Paris? 


Show answer

Answer

  • Laid the boundaries in North America
  • Fishing rights
  • Restoration of property
  • Prisoners of war 

Show question

Question

Who represented the United States in Paris? 


Show answer

Answer

John Jay

Show question

Question

What two aims did Prime Minister Shelburne try to accomplish during the signing of the treaty? 

Show answer

Answer

  • Prevent France from regaining control in the North American continent
  • Create a valuable trading partnership between the US and Great Britain 

Show question

Question

What did Article 1 of this treaty state? 


Show answer

Answer

Article 1 recognized the sovereignty and independence of the United States.

Show question

Question

What made the other articles invalid? 


Show answer

Answer

It is mostly because US borders changed over the years. As a result, many of these articles became invalid.

Show question

Question

What was one problem with the Treaty of Paris? 

Show answer

Answer

  • Unclear borders could not address the problem of immigration
  • The British did not comply with all terms--did not evacuate troops immediately. 

Show question

Question

What Treaty resolved the problems in the Treaty of Paris?

Show answer

Answer

Jay’s Treaty

Show question

Question

How did colonists survive initially without an official navy or army?

Show answer

Answer

Each colony relied on their local militia for the defense of their colony. In cases where there was fighting (such as the 7 Years’ War), local troops were temporarily recruited to fight in the area.  

Show question

Question

What role did slaves/people of color play in the Continental Army?

Show answer

Answer

While initially apprehensive, Congress eventually ended up recruiting slaves and racially integrating the army. This was only after Washington convinced them that the Army was understaffed. The Army was understaffed not only because soldiers ran away, but also because disease killed many troops.

Show question

Question

What is the relationship between the Continental Army and the Articles of Confederation? 


Show answer

Answer

Since the Articles were incredibly weak and granted Congress virtually no powers, the Continental Army was chronically underfunded. Thus, most leading generals and officers supported the creation of a stronger government.

Show question

Question

What did Richard Henry Lee propose? (Although initially rejected, it was eventually implemented)


Show answer

Answer

Formation of a national army

Show question

Question

What factors contributed to the formation of the Continental Army? List two. 


Show answer

Answer

  • Soldiers served for a very short period of time
  • Soldiers lacked the experience and discipline of more experienced soldiers 
  • Many of these militiamen were unwilling to travel great distances/fight for long periods at a time

Show question

Question

What is the difference in motives between officers of the Continental Army and enlisted soldiers? 


Show answer

Answer

  • Officers joined because of their sense of honor and status. Their motivation stemmed from their ideological opposition to British policies. 
  • Enlisted soldiers joined because of the promise of good working conditions: good pay, food, promise of land ownership

Show question

Question

Why were slaves implemented into the army? 


Show answer

Answer

Slaves were integrated into the army after Washington convinced Congress that this was a necessary action because the army did not have enough troops. Shortages were caused by troops running away and by deaths caused by disease.

Show question

Question

What reputation did state militias develop? 


Show answer

Answer

State militias developed a reputation for being prone to prematurely retreating.

Show question

Question

How did state militias help the army?  


Show answer

Answer

State militias were often assigned to short-term operations and fought in smaller skirmishes throughout the war. For example, state militias were the ones who had to suppress Loyalist troops. 

While the militia units occasionally operated independently from the Continental Army, most of the time these militias supplemented troops to the Continental Army. 

Show question

Question

Who trained colonial soldiers at Valley Forge? What was that general’s name?  


Show answer

Answer

Baron von Steuben was a Prussian general who wrote the Revolutionary War Drill Manual. Thanks to the training he implemented, he transformed the Continental Army into one that was more disciplined and more effective at fighting.

Show question

Question

Name two important American victories. 


Show answer

Answer

  • Battle of Yorktown
  • Battle of Saratoga 

Show question

Question

What happened at the Battle of Monmouth?


Show answer

Answer

For the first time, the Continental Army counter charged. The black Rhode Island regiment fended off a British bayonet attack. After successfully fending off the bayonet attack, the soldiers counter-charged. This battle is important because Washington realized that it was not necessary to save entire towns and win every single battle. What was more important in the long run was preserving the Revolutionary spirit.

Show question

Question

What problem did the Army constantly face? What caused the Army to face this problem?


Show answer

Answer

One chronic problem that plagued the Continental Army throughout the war was a shortage in supplies. Despite being responsible for the war effort and providing supplies, Congress and state legislatures were never able to provide the essentials of war. This was also because under the Articles of Confederation government, Congress lacked real power to get things accomplished.

Show question

Question

What did Congress create to resolve the problem the Army faced? 


Show answer

Answer

The root of this problem was not the lack of resources, but rather the lack of organization and transportation. To resolve this problem, Congress appointed a Board of War.

Show question

Question

What was the Olive Branch Petition?

Show answer

Answer

This Petition was drafted by moderates in Congress that asked King George III to step in and mediate in the dispute between Parliament and the colonies. The rejection of this petition signalled that this tension would not be resolved peacefully.  

Show question

Question

What did the Declaration of Independence accomplish?


Show answer

Answer

The Declaration of Independence was issued one year after fighting had broken out. It officially declared the colonies’ independence from Great Britain. By doing this, it ensured that the Revolutionary War was a war between two countries, rather than a civil war within one nation.

Show question

Question

What role did the French, Spanish, and Dutch play in this war? 


Show answer

Answer

These countries played an important role in distracting Great Britain from concentrating all of her resources and troops on fighting the Revolutionary War. George III decided to concentrate most of his forces in fighting the European war.  

Show question

Question

What is the Treaty of Paris?


Show answer

Answer

This Treaty recognized America’s independence.

Show question

Question

What was Washington’s role in the Continental Army? 


Show answer

Answer

Commander in Chief

Show question

Question

When moderates drafted the Olive Branch Petition, what did they want King George III to do? 


Show answer

Answer

hey wanted King George III to mediate the disputes. If King George III had done this, the moderates would have accepted royal authority. However, since this petition was sent after the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Arms, Parliament viewed this petition as insincere.

Show question

Question

What year was the Declaration of Independence passed? 


Show answer

Answer

1776

Show question

Question

What impact did Thomas Paine’s Common Sense have on popular opinion in the Thirteen Colonies? 


Show answer

Answer

It helped garner more support for independence in the Colonies. The pamphlet was widely reprinted and argued that the Colonies should become independent of Great Britain and create a democratic republic.

Show question

Question

What is the difference between Patriots and Loyalists? 


Show answer

Answer

Patriots supported the American independence movement whereas Loyalists wanted to continue living under British rule.

Show question

Question

What is the significance of the Battle of Saratoga? 


Show answer

Answer

This Battle is important because after the colonies won, the French were formally introduced to the war as America’s ally. Previously, France had only provided supplies and ammunition.

Show question

Question

Why was Valley Forge important?

Show answer

Answer

When George Washington retreated to Valley Forge, the Continental Army transformed into a real army thanks to the efforts of Prussian officer Baron von Steuben.

Show question

Question

Why was the Siege of Yorktown important? 


Show answer

Answer

This war is generally credited with ending the Revolutionary War.

Show question

Question

What advantages did American troops have? 


Show answer

Answer

  • Easier access to food
  • Separate troops 
  • Patriot vs loyalist skirmishes 
  • Slaves added more manpower 

Show question

Question

When did the Revolutionary War take place?

Show answer

Answer

1775 - 1783

Show question

Question

What were the Five Intolerable Acts?

Show answer

Answer

Punitive Acts passed by the British on the American Colonies to assert their dominance over the Colonies

Show question

Question

What was the Olive Branch Petition?

Show answer

Answer

A last-ditch attempt by the Colonies to offer the British a peaceful solution and avoid fighting, but the British rejected it

Show question

Question

What was the name of Thomas Paine's influential pamphlet and what did it argue?

Show answer

Answer

Common Sense; it argued that the Colonies should be independent from the British

Show question

Question

Why was the influence of foreign powers important?

Show answer

Answer

It prevented Great Britain from focussing all its resources on fighting the American separatists

Show question

Question

What advantages did the Colonists have over the British?

Show answer

Answer

Easier access to food, more resources, more general public support

Show question

Question

What was tarring and feathering?

Show answer

Answer

A form of torture where the victim is covered in tar and has feathers thrown at them. It was used by the Colonists against British tax collectors.

Show question

Question

How did the Revolutionary War end?

Show answer

Answer

The Thirteen Colonies and the British signed the Treaty of Paris in 1783 and Great Britain recognised the independence of the United States.

Show question

60%

of the users don't pass the American Independence War quiz! Will you pass the quiz?

Start Quiz

Discover the right content for your subjects

No need to cheat if you have everything you need to succeed! Packed into one app!

Study Plan

Be perfectly prepared on time with an individual plan.

Quizzes

Test your knowledge with gamified quizzes.

Flashcards

Create and find flashcards in record time.

Notes

Create beautiful notes faster than ever before.

Study Sets

Have all your study materials in one place.

Documents

Upload unlimited documents and save them online.

Study Analytics

Identify your study strength and weaknesses.

Weekly Goals

Set individual study goals and earn points reaching them.

Smart Reminders

Stop procrastinating with our study reminders.

Rewards

Earn points, unlock badges and level up while studying.

Magic Marker

Create flashcards in notes completely automatically.

Smart Formatting

Create the most beautiful study materials using our templates.

Just Signed up?

Yes
No, I'll do it now

Sign up to highlight and take notes. It’s 100% free.