Dive into the realm of design engineering with a comprehensive understanding of Auxiliary View. This fundamental concept is crucial in interpreting and creating engineering drawings. Through the course of this detailed exploration, you'll grasp the significance of auxiliary view in various design engineering scenarios. You'll be exposed to the different types of auxiliary views and their application in real world models. We'll also guide you on creating an Auxiliary View using Inventor software, and help familiarise you with auxiliary view symbols and best drawing practices. Enrich your knowledge of design engineering by embarking on this educative journey into the world of Auxiliary View.
What is an Auxiliary View in Design Engineering?
An Auxiliary view is a concept in technical drawing that is used by engineers, designers and architects. The term refers to an additional view of an object, taken from an angle that is not usually used in the main standard views (front, top, right, left, bottom or back).
An Auxiliary View is essentially an orthographic view that is projected into any plane other than one of the six principal views. These are typically used when there is a need to understand the object more clearly, especially when the object has features that are not parallel to any of the principal planes.
More details on the Auxiliary Views will be discussed in the subsequent headers.
The Concept of Auxiliary View in Engineering
In engineering, drawing is a crucial skill. It allows engineers to express their concepts in a visual format, which is crucial for carrying out actual construction or manufacturing.
Engineers use various views to present their drawings, but sometimes the standard views are insufficient. This is where the Auxiliary View comes in.
Auxiliary Views are created by projecting 'true-views' of an object in the direction that shows the true shape and size of the inclined surface. The Auxiliary View achieves this by being perpendicular to the inclined plane of the object.
Here's an example:
Let's assume that we have an object which has an inclined surface. Standard orthographic views cannot capture the true size and shape of this surface - the inclined surface appears distorted.
To get to the 'true view' of the inclined surface, we imagine drawing a projection line that is perpendicular to the inclined surface. We then imagine 'unfolding' the view about this projection line.
The result is an Auxiliary View: a view that shows the true shape and size of the inclined surface.
Here's a summary of the steps involved in creating an Auxiliary View:
- Identify the inclined surface
- Draw an edge view of the inclined surface
- Unfold the Auxiliary View about the edge view
- Project all features onto the unfolded Auxiliary View
Importance and Role of Auxiliary View in Design Engineering
is an often complex process that involves creating and optimizing machinery or systems. A significant aspect of this process is graphical representation. The representation should give a detailed and clear image of the object being designed, which is where the Auxiliary View plays a crucial role.
In situations where it's difficult to understand the structure of an object from the primary views, auxiliary views provide a clearer and more detailed perspective.
Outlined below are some of the key benefits of using Auxiliary Views in Design Engineering
- Clarity: Auxiliary views provide a more detailed understanding of the object as they represent the true length and shape of an inclined surface.
- Accuracy: These views enable accurate measurement and representation of the object being designed. This promotes precision during the manufacturing or building phase of the project.
- Communication: Engineers often work with large teams. Having a comprehensive drawing with auxiliary views ensures that the entire team has a clear and full understanding of the design. In turn, this minimises errors and promotes effective communication.
Finally, creating Auxiliary Views is a skill that every engineer should have. Not only do they improve the clarity and accuracy of drawings, but they also aid in the communication of ideas and concepts.
Remember, good design always begins with a good drawing. So, mastering the art of creating Auxiliary Views is inevitably a step forward in becoming a better engineer.
Exploring Different Auxiliary View Types
In the meticulously detailed realm of design engineering, understanding the diverse types of auxiliary views is imperative. Just like selecting the right tool in a toolbox, knowing which type of auxiliary view to use can make the difference between a mediocre and a brilliant design.
Auxiliary View types in Design Engineering
In design engineering, there are two main types of auxiliary views - primary auxiliary views and secondary auxiliary views.
Primary Auxiliary Views
are the initial auxiliary views drawn perpendicular to a selected surface or feature of an object. Often these views are generated from one of the principal orthographic views (top, front, or side). For a clearer understanding, let's look at a concrete example:
Secondary Auxiliary Views
Imagine having a cube with a slanted surface on top. This slanted surface cannot be clearly displayed using standard orthographic views – front, top, right, etc.
Here, you need the representation from a different angle – perpendicular to the slanted surface. A line viewed from this angle yields the complete detail of the surface, giving us the primary auxiliary view of the cube.
, on the other hand, are auxiliary views projected from a primary auxiliary view, not directly from a principal view. They are mainly used when the object has multiple surfaces that are not parallel to any of the primary auxiliary planes.
It is important to note the procedure for drawing either type of the auxiliary view:
- Select the inclined plane or edge that is to be represented in true size and shape
- Create a folding line (usually a dotted line) to represent the plane or edge where the view will be 'unfolded'
- Project all essential features of the object onto the view drawn
Comparing and Contrasting Different Auxiliary View Types
Understanding the differences and similarities between primary and secondary auxiliary views is fundamental when choosing their appropriate application in your designs. For starters, both types are designed to provide information about the true length and shape of an inclined surface and are perpendicular to the surface they depict.
Now let's pit the primary auxiliary view against the secondary auxiliary view:
Primary Auxiliary View
Secondary Auxiliary View
- It's projected from the main orthographic views.
- It shows an individual feature or surface not parallel to the main orthographic planes (usually inclined or oblique).
- Its primary function is clear representation of inclined surfaces.
- It's projected directly from the primary auxiliary view.
- It is used when an object has several features not parallel to any of the primary auxiliary planes.
- Its primary function is to provide a clear depiction of complex features in an object.
It's crucial for users to recognize which type of auxiliary view is suitable for different design projects. By making a comparative evaluation, users can implement the ideal auxiliary view, resulting in accurate and efficient models or objects, concluding with high-quality results.
Hands-On: Auxiliary View Examples
Let's now inspect some examples to solidify your understanding of this crucial concept. These examples aim to illustrate the practical application of primary and secondary auxiliary views.
Auxiliary View Examples in the Real World
An abundance of real-world instances can be found where auxiliary views play a pivotal role in understanding intricate design features. Below are two examples encompassing architecture and product design.
1. Architectural Drawing:
Take the instance of a staircase in a building. In plan and elevation views, it's a challenge to depict a staircase correctly due to the inclines. The auxiliary view becomes critical to correctly visualising its true dimensions.
An auxiliary view taken perpendicular to the slanted surface will reveal the true height and width of each step, providing a clear, accurate representation that designers and builders can rely on.
2. Product Design:
Consider a situation where you're designing a uniquely-shaped water bottle with an inclined drinking spout. In the conventional views: front, top and side - visualising the actual shape and length of the drinking spout remains challenging.
Drawing an auxiliary view perpendicular to the spout enables us to capture its true shape, length and angle, contributing to a precise design.
Case Studies: How Auxiliary View is used in Engineering Solutions
Auxiliary views have a crucial role in design engineering and furnish solutions in myriads of complex projects. To demonstrate, let's explore two case studies.
1. Aerospace Design:
An aeroplane wing design, with its myriad angles and inclined planes, can be a complex structure to comprehend from principal orthographic views. An engineer might need to check the clearances between the main wing and the flaps at various angles. In such a scenario, applying auxiliary views becomes essential.
By projecting an auxiliary view at an angle that accurately represents the relationship between the wing and the flaps, the engineer can correctly measure clearances. Hence the use of auxiliary views aids in preventing design issues that might lead to functional problems in the aeroplane.
2. Automotive Design:
In automotive design, the auxiliary view plays a crucial role in understanding the shape and orientation of axes. For instance, in designing a vehicle axle, the slope of the axle ends - where the wheels attach - can't be truly appreciated from the standard front, top or side perspectives.
To get accurate measurements and angles, engineers use an auxiliary view perpendicular to the axle ends. This yields an accurate and proportional representation of the axle, enabling precise design, manufacturing and assembly of the vehicle.
The underlying theme across these examples and case studies is the relevance of auxiliary views in unraveling complex design features - ultimately, shaping meticulous and accurate engineering solutions.
How to create an Auxiliary View with Inventor Software
On the journey of understanding engineering design and auxiliary views, one of the most advanced tools you'll come across is the Inventor software by Autodesk. As a state-of-the-art software, Inventor excels at creating and manipulating 3D models, which includes generating auxiliary views of complex designs.
Step-by-step Auxiliary View Creation using Inventor
Creating an auxiliary view using Inventor is a straightforward process, enabling designers to generate comprehensive views of complex objects with ease. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to draw an auxiliary view using this powerful software tool.
- Firstly, open the 2D sketch that you want to create an auxiliary view for in Inventor.
- On the Ribbon, click on the 'Drawing View' panel and select 'Base View’.
- Then, select the presenter that you want the view to be associated with and pick the edges or surfaces that will define the view orientation.
- On the same toolbar but in the 'Drawing View' panel, you should find an option for 'Auxiliary View'. Select this option.
- Next, pick the edge or line in the base view that you want to serve as the folding line for your auxiliary view. This should be the line perpendicular to the surface you want to depict in true shape and size.
- Once the folding line is selected, click in the drawing area to place the auxiliary view. Your auxiliary view is now created.
- Feel free to explore the additional options in the 'Drawing View' panel. You can edit the auxiliary view properties, such as dimensions and annotations, to suit your design needs.
It's notable that while generating an auxiliary view, the parent view can be a base view, a projected view, a section view, or even another auxiliary view, adding an extra dimension of flexibility. This versatility allows for the creation of not only primary auxiliary views but secondary ones too.
Benefits of Using Inventor in Drawing Auxiliary Views
Implementing Inventor software for drawing auxiliary views garners several advantages for designers and engineers seeking to enhance their design output quality and efficiency. Here are some key benefits that Inventor offers in this context:
- Accuracy: Inventor ensures precision in the auxiliary view creation by enabling accurate projection of views, eliminating guesswork and reducing the potential for design errors.
- Time Efficiency: Creating auxiliary views manually can be a complex and time-consuming process. Inventor automates this task, freeing up engineers for high-priority tasks, leading to improved productivity.
- Flexibility: Auxillary views can be generated from a variety of parent views, granting designers an exceptional degree of flexibility in visualising their designs.
- User-Friendliness: Inventor's intuitive interface makes it easy to use, even for beginners. It comes with in-built templates and a comprehensive library of drawing tools, promoting smooth design transitions.
- Integration: Inventor integrates well with other Autodesk software enabling seamless data exchange, thus streamlining workflows and fostering a cohesive, efficient design process.
In essence, using Inventor software to draw auxiliary views simplifies the design process, enhances productivity, and ensures accuracy, making it an indomitable asset in the toolbox of a modern designer or engineer.
Understanding Auxiliary View Applications and Symbols
Auxiliary views are an essential tool for engineers and designers to visualise objects in clearer detail, particularly when standard orthographic projections fail to accurately represent certain features. They present true shapes and sizes of aspects, which appear oblique or foreshortened in conventional views. An understanding of auxiliary view applications and symbols opens up design engineering's comprehensive dimension.
Primary Applications of Auxiliary View in Design Engineering
The Auxiliary View is an orthographic view taken in a direction other than one of the primary orthographic projections (front, top, right, left, bottom). They expose 'true' profiles, which otherwise might be distorted in principal views.
There are several key applications of auxiliary views in design engineering:
1. Depicting True Shape and Size:
As already alluded, displaying the 'true' shape and size of features, that appear as inclined planes in the main views, is perhaps the most primary application. This is absolutely essential for translating design into accurate manufacture.
2. Examination of Clearances:
In complex assemblies with close-fitting parts, auxiliary views can help identify possible obstruction problems by granting a clear view of the intricate spatial relationship between components.
3. Thoughtful Pre-Manufacturing:
This includes tools, dyes, and fixture designs. These drawing aids are designed using auxiliary views to ensure that they form the right shape when subjected to manufacturing processes.
4. Complex Surface Design:
Surfaces like helixes or gear teeth, that contain multi-directional slopes, can be hard to distinguish in principal views. Auxiliary views can accurately portray these complex surfaces.
For Auxiliary views to accurately disclose the 'true' size and shape of object features, the viewer's line of sight must be perpendicular to the feature concerned.
Deciphering Auxiliary View Symbols in Engineering Drawings
It's vital, not only to understand the principle and applications of auxiliary view, but also to decipher the symbols associated with them, as engineering drawings
implement a universal language of graphical symbols. Let's elucidate some essential symbols:
1. Edge View Symbol:
When the edge of an object appears as a line in the auxiliary view, it's represented by a short, thick line, indicating that it's an edge view, and not a dimensional line.
2. Fold Line:
It's a thin line that denotes the extension or folding line from the parent view to the auxiliary view. It helps orient the auxiliary view relative to its parent.
3. Phantom Lines:
These are used to show the paths of motion or alternate positions of the object parts.
4. Cutting Plane Lines:
This symbol, consisting of a thick line with arrows, indicates the viewing direction and location of section views.
5. Hidden Lines:
These are shown as dashed lines and represent features not visible from the viewing perspective.
Tables are an efficient way to consolidate symbols for reference purposes.
|Edge View Symbol
|Short, Thick Line
|Cutting Plane Lines
|Thick Line with Arrows
Recognising and interpreting these symbols is paramount for accurate reading, understanding, and creation of engineering drawings, thus proving crucial in reinforcing the practical utility of auxiliary views in design engineering.
Auxiliary View Drawing Practices and Tools
The skill of drawing auxiliary views is a prime requirement for engineers and designers to conceptualise and relay complex three-dimensional ideas accurately. Mastering the art of auxiliary view creation not only enhances design understanding but also streamlines communication in various phases of product design from conception to manufacturing. The process involves sound knowledge of geometry, view orientation, and keen software skills.
Best Practices for Auxiliary View Drawing in Design Engineering
In design engineering, the mastery of creating auxiliary views hinges on adhering to sound practices that ensure the highest levels of precision and clarity. Here are a few essential practices for drawing auxiliary views effectively:
1. Selecting the Right Parent View:
Auxiliary views are derived from a chosen parent view, so it's paramount that the parent view selection aligns with the specific need of the auxiliary view. If the auxiliary view is purposed to depict a feature in 'true' shape and size, the parent must be chosen such that the feature appears as a line or edge view.
2. Correct Orientation:
The orientation of the auxiliary view should be such that the viewing direction is normal to the feature of interest. This aids in projecting the feature without distortion and displays its 'true' shape and size.
3. Clarity in Representation:
It's vital to annotate the auxiliary view clearly with dimensions, specifications, and relevant labels, ensuring it's easily interpretable.
4. Employing Projection Lines:
Projection or folding lines that connect the parent and auxiliary views are essential for conveying the orientation and viewing direction of the auxiliary view. This establishes the spatial relationship between the parent and the auxiliary views.
5. Considering Spatial Constraints:
Auxiliary views should be drawn with an understanding of the spatial constraints of the sheet or the drawing area, ensuring they don't overlap with other views or annotations.
6. Leveraging Software Tools:
Advanced CAD software tools like AutoCAD, Inventor, and SolidWorks allow for effortless creation and manipulation of auxiliary views, promoting efficiency in creating these complex projections.
Adhering to these practices ensures complete, clear and logically assembled auxiliary views, crucial for effective communication in design engineering.
Software Solutions for Creating Efficient Auxiliary View Drawings
Software solutions prove indispensable for engineers in the modern era, by offering powerful tools for seamlessly creating auxiliary view drawings. Here's an overview of some robust software solutions:
This prominent Computer-Aided Design software drastically simplifies the process of creating auxiliary views. AutoCAD allows for precision and variability in drawing, and robust features for modifying and manipulating views.
2. Autodesk Inventor:
Autodesk Inventor is a comprehensive suite of tools for mechanical design. It comes packed with features facilitating auxiliary view creation with absolute precision. Inventor's unique functionality allows the user to generate views from any existing view - principal or auxiliary.
SolidWorks is another popular CAD software that offers advanced features to create and manipulate auxiliary views. Its features like 'Auxiliary View with Model Edges' offer more flexibility and control in creating these views.
4. Creo Parametric:
Recognised for its robust capabilities in 3D CAD, Creo Parametric offers superior tools for generating auxiliary views with its advanced drawing tools and extensive viewing capabilities.
Each of these software brings unique advantages to the table, making the process of creating auxiliary views more efficient and precise. A strong grasp of these tools is key to boosting design capabilities and achieving engineering excellence.
Auxiliary View - Key takeaways
- Auxiliary View: An orthographic view taken in a direction other than one of the primary orthographic projections. They expose 'true' profiles which might be distorted in principal views.
- Primary Auxiliary View: The initial auxiliary views drawn perpendicular to a selected surface or feature of an object. Often generated from one of the principal orthographic views.
- Secondary Auxiliary View: Auxiliary views projected from a primary auxiliary view, not directly from a principal view. Mainly used when the object has multiple surfaces that are not parallel to any of the primary auxiliary planes.
- Inventor Software: A tool by Autodesk that excels at creating and manipulating 3D models, including generating auxiliary views of complex designs.
- Applications of Auxiliary View: Used in depicting true shape and size, examination of clearances in complex assemblies, pre-manufacturing tools, dyes, and fixture designs, and designing complex surfaces like helixes or gear teeth.