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## Rectangular Prism Definition

A rectangular prism, also known as a cuboid, is a three-dimensional geometric shape. It consists of six rectangular faces, with opposite faces being equal in area. The term 'rectangular prism' is used widely in geometry and mathematics to refer to this common shape.

### Characteristics of a Rectangular Prism

- It has six faces, all of which are rectangles.
- Opposite faces are equal and parallel.
- It has twelve edges and eight vertices.
- The angles between adjacent faces are right angles.

**Volume:** The volume of a rectangular prism is calculated by multiplying its length (l), width (w), and height (h). The formula for volume is given by \[V = l \times w \times h\].

**Example:** Suppose you have a rectangular prism with length 5 cm, width 3 cm, and height 4 cm. The volume would be calculated as \[V = 5 \times 3 \times 4 = 60 \text{ cm}^3\].

### Surface Area of a Rectangular Prism

The surface area of a rectangular prism is the total area of all six rectangular faces. The formula for calculating surface area is given by:

- First, calculate the area of each face:
**Length and Height:**Two faces with area \[A_1 = l \times h\]**Length and Width:**Two faces with area \[A_2 = l \times w\]**Width and Height:**Two faces with area \[A_3 = w \times h\]- Then, add the areas of all faces together:
- \[A = 2l \times h + 2l \times w + 2w \times h\]

**Example:** For a rectangular prism with length 5 cm, width 3 cm, and height 4 cm, the surface area is calculated as:\[A = 2(5 \times 4) + 2(5 \times 3) + 2(3 \times 4)\]\[A = 2(20) + 2(15) + 2(12)\]\[A = 40 + 30 + 24 = 94 \text{ cm}^2\].

Remember, the volume of a shape tells you how much space is inside it, while the surface area tells you how much surface is on the outside.

## Volume of a Rectangular Prism

The volume of a rectangular prism measures how much space is inside the shape. It is calculated by multiplying the length, width, and height of the prism. This is fundamental when working with three-dimensional objects.

### Volume Formula

The formula for the volume of a rectangular prism is given by:**\[V = l \times w \times h\]**where **V** is the volume, **l** is the length, **w** is the width, and **h** is the height.

**Example:**If you have a rectangular prism with a length of 8 cm, a width of 5 cm, and a height of 2 cm, you can calculate its volume using the formula:\[V = l \times w \times h\]\[V = 8 \times 5 \times 2 = 80 \text{ cm}^3\]

### Step-by-Step Calculation

To calculate the volume of a rectangular prism, follow these steps:

- Measure the length, width, and height of the prism.
- Ensure all measurements are in the same unit.
- Multiply the length, width, and height using the formula.

**Deep Dive:**Consider a prism with the following dimensions:

- Length (l) = 10 cm
- Width (w) = 4 cm
- Height (h) = 6 cm

Always ensure your measurements are in the same unit before performing calculations.

## Surface Area of a Rectangular Prism

Understanding the surface area of a rectangular prism is essential in various mathematical and real-world applications. The surface area refers to the total area covered by all six faces of the prism.

### Surface Area Formula

The formula for the surface area of a rectangular prism is:**\[A = 2lw + 2lh + 2wh\]**where **A** is the surface area, **l** is the length, **w** is the width, and **h** is the height.

**Example:**Consider a rectangular prism with a length of 7 cm, a width of 3 cm, and a height of 4 cm. To find the surface area, use the formula:

- Calculate the area of each pair of opposite faces:
- \[l \times w = 7 \times 3 = 21 \text{ cm}^2\]
- \[l \times h = 7 \times 4 = 28 \text{ cm}^2\]
- \[w \times h = 3 \times 4 = 12 \text{ cm}^2\]
- Add the areas and multiply by 2 (for both sets of opposite faces): \[A = 2(21) + 2(28) + 2(12)\]\[A = 42 + 56 + 24 = 122 \text{ cm}^2\]

### Step-by-Step Calculation

Calculating the surface area of a rectangular prism involves simple arithmetic, but it's crucial to follow each step carefully:

- Measure the length, width, and height of the prism.
- Calculate the area of each pair of opposite faces using the formula \[A = l \times w\], \[A = l \times h\], and \[A = w \times h\].
- Sum these areas and then multiply by 2 to account for both sets of opposite faces.

**Deep Dive:**For those interested in a more complex example, consider a rectangular prism with these dimensions:

- Length (l) = 10 cm
- Width (w) = 5 cm
- Height (h) = 8 cm

- \[A_1 = l \times w = 10 \times 5 = 50 \text{ cm}^2\]
- \[A_2 = l \times h = 10 \times 8 = 80 \text{ cm}^2\]
- \[A_3 = w \times h = 5 \times 8 = 40 \text{ cm}^2\]

A useful trick is to double-check each area calculation to ensure accuracy before summing them up.

## Rectangular Prism Formula

Understanding the formulas related to a rectangular prism is crucial. These formulas are used to determine the volume and surface area of the prism.

### Understanding Rectangular Prism

A rectangular prism is a solid figure which has six faces that are rectangles. This shape is also known as a cuboid. A rectangular prism has:

- Six faces
- Eight vertices
- Twelve edges
- Opposite faces that are congruent and parallel

### How to Find the Volume of a Rectangular Prism

The volume of a rectangular prism is a measure of the space inside the solid. The formula to find the volume is:\[V = l \times w \times h\]where:

**V**is the volume**l**is the length**w**is the width**h**is the height

Let's look at an example:Suppose you have a rectangular prism with dimensions:

- Length (l) = 10 cm
- Width (w) = 5 cm
- Height (h) = 2 cm

### How to Find the Surface Area of a Rectangular Prism

The surface area of a rectangular prism is the sum of the areas of all six faces. The formula is:\[A = 2lw + 2lh + 2wh\]where:

**A**is the surface area**l**is the length**w**is the width**h**is the height

Consider the same rectangular prism with dimensions:

- Length (l) = 10 cm
- Width (w) = 5 cm
- Height (h) = 2 cm

### Volume of a Rectangular Prism Step by Step

To calculate the volume of a rectangular prism step by step:

- Measure the length, width, and height of the prism.
- Ensure all measurements are in the same unit.
- Multiply the length, width, and height using the formula \[V = l \times w \times h\].

**Deep Dive:**Sometimes, you might need to convert units before finding the volume. For example, if you have dimensions in centimetres but need the volume in cubic metres, first convert the dimensions:

- 1 cm = 0.01 m
- 10 cm = 0.1 m
- 5 cm = 0.05 m
- 2 cm = 0.02 m

### Surface Area of a Rectangular Prism Step by Step

To calculate the surface area of a rectangular prism step by step:

- Measure the length, width, and height of the prism.
- Ensure all measurements are in the same unit.
- Calculate the area of each pair of opposite faces using the formulas \[A_1 = l \times w\], \[A_2 = l \times h\], and \[A_3 = w \times h\].
- Sum these areas and then multiply by 2 to account for both sets of opposite faces using the formula \[A = 2(lw + lh + wh)\].

When calculating the surface area, double-check each calculation to ensure accuracy before summing them up.

## Rectangular Prism - Key takeaways

**Rectangular Prism Definition:**A three-dimensional geometric shape with six rectangular faces, also known as a cuboid.**Volume of a Rectangular Prism:**Calculated by multiplying the length (l), width (w), and height (h); Formula: V = l × w × h.**Surface Area of a Rectangular Prism:**The total area of all six faces; Formula: A = 2lw + 2lh + 2wh.**Prism Characteristics:**Six rectangular faces, twelve edges, eight vertices, and right angles between adjacent faces.**Calculation Steps:**Ensure measurements are in the same unit, and apply the appropriate formula to find volume and surface area.

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