Select your language

Suggested languages for you:
Log In Start studying!
StudySmarter - The all-in-one study app.
4.8 • +11k Ratings
More than 3 Million Downloads
Free
|
|

All-in-one learning app

  • Flashcards
  • NotesNotes
  • ExplanationsExplanations
  • Study Planner
  • Textbook solutions
Start studying

Clinical Psychology

Save Save
Print Print
Edit Edit
Sign up to use all features for free. Sign up now

Want to get better grades?

Nope, I’m not ready yet

Get free, full access to:

  • Flashcards
  • Notes
  • Explanations
  • Study Planner
  • Textbook solutions
Clinical Psychology

Have you ever wondered what the differences are between counseling psychologists, clinical psychologists, and psychologists? What makes a clinical psychologist a clinical psychologist? What makes them different from other professions?

  • What is clinical psychology?
  • What do clinical psychologists do?
  • How is clinical psychology different from counseling psychology? General psychology?

Clinical Psychology Definition

Clinical psychology uses both research and psychology theories to understand and help individuals with treatment and evaluations. It is a blend between psychological theories and research. Because the education and requirements necessary to become a clinical psychologist are more demanding than other subcategories, a clinical psychologist can work in different settings. Examples of these different settings include helping those with learning disabilities, children and adolescents, and even in forensics.

So what does a clinical psychologist do? Or rather, what is a clinical psychologist expected to do? There are five key elements.

Assessment

In the beginning, an assessment of the patient or client is most important to understand problems or issues that are to be addressed. Psychological testing is also possible at this point to gather more information to move forward in the process.

Clinical Psychology, clinical psychologist making an assessment, StudySmarterclinical psychologist at work, pixabay.com

Formulation

Importantly, both psychological theory and research findings are used to understand the problems the patient is facing, to "formulate" a plan of action.

Communication

This factor seems obvious in all psychological professions, but clinical psychology especially needs strong communication to convey both psychological theories and clinical points of research.

Intervention

At this point, a clinical psychologist must consider the most beneficial forms of intervention to best help the client.

Evaluation

Quantitative and qualitative information can be used to evaluate interventions and their success. "Quantitative measures assign a number or numbers to the desired outcome. Quantitative information may also be obtained from more formal psychological measures and tests." (Davey et al., 2015.)

An example could be questionnaires that "measure potential targets for psychological interventions, including depression, anxiety, anger, quality of life, well-being, etc." (Davey et al., 2015.)

There are also specific populations and work settings that clinical psychologists can work with due to their education and program training. Examples of these populations and work settings include children, adults, older adults, hospitals, primary care, and family services.

In summary, these elements (both in psychological theory and in research) are an integral part of clinical psychology. Clinical psychologists can use important tests and surveys to better understand a person's afflictions. The research that is performed by clinical psychologists helps to provide information for services for whole populations. This in turn helps with evaluating and treating individual cases with evidence-based information. Now, let's consider how is this any different from other forms of the discipline, including counseling psychology.

Clinical Psychology vs. Counseling Psychology

It can be confusing when comparing both clinical and counseling psychology. What are the key differences if they overlap as much as they do?

Clinical psychology's central point or focus is psychopathology (the study of mental disorders). Most often, the problems that are being presented to a clinical psychologist are considered to be more severe. For example, the person may be experiencing symptoms that pertain to schizophrenia. In contrast, counseling psychology focuses on helping a person identify their problems in life and interpersonal relationships.

A person is having issues with the stresses of their work schedule as well as being a new parent. This person may consult a counseling psychologist to help them identify issues and to work through them.

Clinical Psychology, counseling psychologist at work unspooling a person's tangled mind, StudySmarterA counselor at work untangling a person's mind, pixabay.com

General Psychology vs. Clinical Psychology

General psychology has a larger scope of study than a more specific subcategory such as clinical psychology. General psychology is simply the understanding of psychological functions and the study of behaviors. Clinical psychologists have a more specific field to train for; it includes understanding research as well as counseling subjects to implement assessments, and interventions necessary to help a patient.

Importance of Clinical Psychology

Clinical psychology is an important subcategory of psychology designed to help patients with their afflictions. It has done so since its birth in the mid to late-1800s. Clinical psychologists are dedicated to research, assessments, the formulation to apply for psychological help, interventions, and evaluations. Psychopathology has made understanding severe ailments in individuals easier to research and understand, in turn making it easier to help those who are in need. Because clinical psychology can encompass so many psychological elements, its importance in the world is crucial.

There is a growing need for clinical psychologists in America and other areas of the world. There has been a change in the idea that psychological help carries a stigma. People are becoming more open to the idea of using psychologists to better help them understand themselves, and process life events (such as the COVID-19 pandemic). Because psychology is constantly updating in the face of new scientific information, clinical psychologists have to constantly upgrade their education and training as well. A clinical psychologist's constant need to upgrade their knowledge is also one of the many reasons that they have significant importance in the psychology arena.

Clinical Psychology - Key takeaways

  • Clinical psychologists can work in different settings including helping those with learning disabilities, children and adolescents, and even forensics.
  • There are four key elements to clinical psychology: assessment, communication, intervention, and evaluation.
    • During the assessment, psychological tests are often performed.
    • The formulation period is used to apply psychopathology to the program that will help the client.
    • Communication is very important in discussing help, and the possible outcomes of the therapy chosen.
    • Intervention is the point at which a clinical psychologist will use psychopathological treatments for the client.
  • There are specific populations and work settings that clinical psychologists can work with due to their education and program training (children, adults, older adults, hospitals, primary care, and family services).

Frequently Asked Questions about Clinical Psychology

 Clinical psychology's central point or focus is psychopathology (the study of mental disorders). Counseling psychology has more focus on behaviors and emotional issues that may arise in daily life or at work that a person may need help identifying. 

Clinical psychology uses both research and psychology theories to understand and help individuals with treatment and evaluations.

General psychology has a larger scope of study than a more specific subcategory such as clinical psychology. General psychology is simply the understanding of psychological functions and the study of behaviors. Clinical psychologists have a more specific field to train for, that includes understanding research as well as counseling subjects to implement assessments and interventions necessary to help a patient.

Clinical psychologists are dedicated to research, assessments, interventions, and evaluations.

Psychopathology has made understanding severe ailments in individuals easier to research and understand, making it easier in turn to help those who are in need.

Final Clinical Psychology Quiz

Question

What therapy is most often used to help those diagnosed with ADHD?

Show answer

Answer

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy 

Show question

Question

There are three presentation types of ADHD.

1. Hyperactive-impulsive presentation type

2. _________________

3. Combined Presenation Type 

Show answer

Answer

2. Predominately inattentive presentation type

Show question

Question

What is not a speculated cause of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?

Show answer

Answer

Genetics

Show question

Question

What are three symtpoms of hyperactivity and impulsiveness?


Show answer

Answer

Overly talkative

Fidgeting or squirming

Inability to concentrate on tasks

Trouble taking turns with activities

Show question

Question

What are three symptoms of inattentiveness?

Show answer

Answer

Short attention span

Easily distracted

Constantly changing task or activity

Losing things or forgetful

Daydreaming a lot

Show question

Question

ADHD is considered a __________ disorder. 

Show answer

Answer

neurodevelopmental 

Show question

Question

True or False: Adults suffer from ADHD

Show answer

Answer

True

Show question

Question

​True or False: There is no one specific test for ADHD. Rather, there are tests that can be used to rule out the diagnoses. 


Show answer

Answer

True

Show question

Question

What are two common medications that are used to help adults diagnosed with ADHD?


A. Methylphenidate and Guanfacine

B. Acetametaphine and Adderall 

C. Fluticasone and Pregabalin

Show answer

Answer

A. Methylphenidate and Guanfacine

Show question

Question

What are the two categories for which symptoms of ADHD fall under?

Show answer

Answer

Symptoms of Hyperactivity and Impulsiveness and Symptoms of Inattentiveness

Show question

Question

True or False: Medications for ADHD are cures to the diagnoses.

Show answer

Answer

False

Show question

Question

Medications used for ADHD are either composed of __________ and non-stimulants

Show answer

Answer

Stimulants

Show question

Question

______ medications are most commonly used for ADHD symptoms.


A.Stimulant

B. Non-stimulant 

Show answer

Answer

A. Stimulant 

Show question

Question

_______ medications used for ADHD are fast-acting but are able to last up to 24 hours.


A.Stimulant

B. Non-Stimulant 


Show answer

Answer

B. Non-Stimulant 

Show question

Question

_____ and ____ tests are most often used to help rule out ADHD diagnoses. 


A. Reflex and Hearing

B. Vision and Hearing 

C. Vision and Spelling

Show answer

Answer

B. Vision and Hearing 

Show question

Question

When is an intellectual disability most often diagnosed?

Show answer

Answer

In early childhood.

Show question

Question

What are early signs or symptoms that a child may have an intellectual disability?

Show answer

Answer

Difficulty remembering

Late speech development

Problems understanding social rules or consequences of actions 

Show question

Question

What test(s) are used in order to help diagnose an intellectual disability?

Show answer

Answer

IQ tests are administered 

Show question

Question

What is the IQ level with "borderline" intellectual disability levels?

Show answer

Answer

IQ level 70-84

Show question

Question

What is the IQ level with "Mild" intellectual disability levels?

Show answer

Answer

IQ level 50-70

Show question

Question

What is the IQ level with "moderate" intellectual disability levels?

Show answer

Answer

IQ level 35-50

Show question

Question

What is the IQ level with "severe" intellectual disability levels?


Show answer

Answer

IQ level 20-35

Show question

Question

What is the IQ level with "profound" intellectual disability levels?


Show answer

Answer

IQ level below 20

Show question

Question

Are intellectual disabilities more prevalent in males or females?


Show answer

Answer

Males 

Show question

Question

ADHD is considered an intellectual disability. True or false?

Show answer

Answer

False. It is, however, often a comorbid diagnosis to an intellectual disability.

Show question

Question

Autism is considered an intellectual disability. True or false?

Show answer

Answer

False. It is, however, often a comorbid diagnosis to an intellectual disability.

Show question

Question

What is the most commonly known inherited form of intellectual disability?


Show answer

Answer

Fragile X Syndrome (FXS)

Show question

Question


What are the three most common forms of intellectual disability?

Show answer

Answer

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). 

22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2 DS). 

Fragile X syndrome (FXS).

Show question

Question

In older children, what are common symptoms that may identify an intellectual disability?


Show answer

Answer

Difficulties with planning, reasoning, and judgement. 

Show question

Question


An example of an intellectual disability is:

A. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

B. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)

C. Dyslexia 

Show answer

Answer

B. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)

Show question

Question

How many key elements are there to a clinical psychologist's interaction with a client?

Show answer

Answer

Five

Show question

Question

What are the five elements that a clinical psychologist will perform with a client?


Show answer

Answer

Assessment

Formulation

Communication

Intervention

Evaluation

Show question

Question

What is the goal of assessment?

Show answer

Answer

To understand the patient's issue(s) and possibly conduct psychological testing.

Show question

Question

What is the goal of formulation?

Show answer

Answer

To apply theory and research findings to understand the problems the patient is facing, in order to "formulate" a plan.

Show question

Question

What is the goal of communication in clinical psychology?

Show answer

Answer

To explain possible paths forward in therapy, and the risks and rewards thereof. 

Show question

Question

What is the goal of intervention in clinical psychology?

Show answer

Answer

This is the point at which a clinical psychologist will implement agreed-upon therapies, based on the assessment.

Show question

Question

What is the goal of evaulation in clinical psychology?

Show answer

Answer

Quantitative and qualitative information can be used to evaluate interventions and their success.


Show question

Question

What are some examples of populations a clinical psychologist may work with?

Show answer

Answer

Children, adults, in family care, and at hospitals.

Show question

Question

What does clinical psychology rely heavy on?


A. Testing and research

B. Cognitive behavior theories

C. Language acquisition theories 

Show answer

Answer


A. Testing and research

Show question

Question

Counseling psychology has more focus on ____ and ____ issues. 

Show answer

Answer

Behavior and emotional

Show question

Question

General psychology is simply the understanding of psychological _____ and the study of ______.

Show answer

Answer

functions and behaviors

Show question

Question

A clinical psychologist cannot perform testing as it is only allowed in counseling psychology. True or false? 

Show answer

Answer

False.

Show question

Question

The first thing a clinical psychologist will do for a new patient is intervention. True or false?

Show answer

Answer

False

Show question

Question

Counseling psychology is the same as clinical psychology and has no major differences. True or false?

Show answer

Answer

False

Show question

Question

Clinical psychology has more involved psychopathology compared to general psychology. True or false?

Show answer

Answer

True

Show question

Question

What is the definition of a personality disorder?

Show answer

Answer

 A sequence of behavioral patterns that stray significantly from the usual societal expectations, and negatively affects the individual or others.

Show question

Question

What are some differences between personality traits and personality disorders?

Show answer

Answer

Unlike disorders, behavioral displays of typical personality traits stay within usual social and cultural expectations. They don't inhibit the individual's ability to maintain social relationships.

Show question

Question

How many clusters divide the types of personality disorders? What are they called?

Show answer

Answer

Three. Clusters A, B, and C.

Show question

Question

What disorders fall under cluster A?

Show answer

Answer

Schizotypal, schizoid, and paranoid.

Show question

Question

What personality disorders are present in cluster B?

Show answer

Answer

Histrionic, narcissistic, antisocial, and borderline personality disorder.


Show question

60%

of the users don't pass the Clinical Psychology quiz! Will you pass the quiz?

Start Quiz

Discover the right content for your subjects

No need to cheat if you have everything you need to succeed! Packed into one app!

Study Plan

Be perfectly prepared on time with an individual plan.

Quizzes

Test your knowledge with gamified quizzes.

Flashcards

Create and find flashcards in record time.

Notes

Create beautiful notes faster than ever before.

Study Sets

Have all your study materials in one place.

Documents

Upload unlimited documents and save them online.

Study Analytics

Identify your study strength and weaknesses.

Weekly Goals

Set individual study goals and earn points reaching them.

Smart Reminders

Stop procrastinating with our study reminders.

Rewards

Earn points, unlock badges and level up while studying.

Magic Marker

Create flashcards in notes completely automatically.

Smart Formatting

Create the most beautiful study materials using our templates.

Just Signed up?

Yes
No, I'll do it now

Sign up to highlight and take notes. It’s 100% free.