SSS Theorem

Have you ever wondered if two or more triangles are given even if they don't look the same, then how are they compared? And if they are similar then do we really need all the sides and angles to determine it? Here we will understand the SSS theorem to determine congruent triangles easily.

SSS Theorem SSS Theorem

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    SSS theorem definition

    The triangles having the same shape and size are congruent triangles.

    That is the triangles have corresponding angles and corresponding sides. We can test its congruence using some theorems without checking all the angles and sides of triangles. And one of the theorems is the SSS theorem.

    SSS theorem : If all the three corresponding sides of two triangles are equal to each other, then they are congruent.

    So as the name suggests, this theorem stands for Side-Side-Side. Here we only take a look at the sides of the triangle and not anything else.

    SSS Theorem, SSS congruent triangles, StudySmarterSSS congruent triangles, Mouli Javia - StudySmarter Originals

    SSS congruence theorem

    The SSS congruence theorem gives the congruence relation between two triangles based on their sides.

    SSS congruence theorem : The two triangles are congruent if all the three respective sides of both the triangles are equal.

    Mathematically, if AB=XY, BC=YZ, and id="2618600" role="math" AC=XZ, then ABCXYZ.

    SSS Theorem, SSS congruent triangles, StudySmarterSSS congruence triangles, Mouli Javia - StudySmarter Originals

    So if we can replace all the three sides of one triangle with all the sides of another triangle then both triangles are congruent using the SSS criterion. In this situation, both triangles are represented with a congruency symbol.

    As it is given we know that all three sides of both the triangles ABC and XYZ are of the same size and same length with each other. So we can lay sides XY on AB, YZ on BC, and XZ on AC by superimposing both the triangles. Hence that gives that AB=XY, BC=YZ, AC=XZ. So ABCXYZ.

    SSS congruence triangle examples

    Here we will see some examples of SSS congruence to understand it.

    Show that the given triangles are congruent to each other.

    SSS Theorem, SSS congruent triangles examples, StudySmarterExamples of congruent triangles using SSS congruence, Mouli Javia - StudySmarter Originals

    Solution:

    We can see from the figure AB=DE=7 , BC=EF=11 , AC=DF=15. As all the three sides both the triangles are equal to each other respectively, we can directly use the SSS congruence theorem.

    Hence, ABCDEF.

    SSS similarity theorem

    In triangles if the corresponding angles are congruent and corresponding sides are proportional then both the triangles are similar. But to check this we don’t necessarily have to consider all the sides and angles. We can simply use the SSS similarity theorem and the knowledge of Proportional sides to prove similar triangles.

    SSS Similarity Theorem : Two triangles are said to be similar when the corresponding sides of these two triangles are proportional.

    Proof: We are given that the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional.

    That is, ABMN=BCNO=ACMO (1)

    To prove: ABC~MNO

    SSS Theorem, SSS similarity triangles, StudySmarterTriangles with constructed parallel line, Mouli Javia - StudySmarter Originals

    First, we consider two points P and Q on lines MN and MO respectively such that MP=AB and MQ=AC. Now we join these points and form a line PQ such that PQ is parallel to NO.

    We can construct line PQ by parallel postulate, which states that there is one parallel line passing through any point not on that line in the same plane.

    Then we substitute AB and AC with MP and MQ respectively in equation 1.

    MPMN=MQMO

    Now, as PQNO, MPQ=N and MQP=O are corresponding angles respectively. Hence by applying AA - Similarity we have MPQ~MNO.

    From the definition of similar triangles on MPQ and MNO, we get that

    MPMN=MQMO=PQNO (2)

    Again substituting id="2618772" role="math" MP=AB and id="2618771" role="math" MQ=AC in equation 1, we get

    MPMN=BCNO=MQMO (3)

    So comparing equation 2 and equation 3 PQNO=BCNO PQ=BC.

    Finally, we know that id="2618781" role="math" AB=MP, BC=PQ, AC=MQ. So by the SSS congruence theorem, we get id="2618782" role="math" ABCMPQ.And we also have that id="2618785" role="math" MPQ~MNO. Hence from both the similarity we get id="2618788" role="math" ABC~MNO.

    SSS similarity theorem examples

    Let us take a look at SSS similarity theorem examples.

    Check if the given triangles are similar or not.

    SSS Theorem, SSS similarity triangles examples, StudySmarterSSS similarity theorem example, Mouli Javia - StudySmarter Originals

    Solution:

    Here to determine similar triangles we need to check the proportional sides. So first we will find the ratios of the corresponding sides.

    DEAB=48=12 EFBC=510=12 DFAC=612=12

    So all the corresponding sides of both the triangles are equal.

    DEAB=EFBC=DFAC

    By using the SSS similarity theorem, both the triangles id="2618793" role="math" ABC and id="2618794" role="math" DEF are similar.

    Find the value of x by using the SSS similarity theorem.

    SSS Theorem, SSS similarity triangles examples, StudySmarterSSS similarity theorem example, static.bigideasmath.com

    Solution:

    First we find the proportion of the corresponding sides. For that, we take into account any one of the sides with unknown value. Let us consider sides AB and BC in ABC and sides DE and EF in DEF.

    So the proportion of the sides will be,

    ABDE=BCEF 412=x-118 4×18 = (x-1)×12 72 =12x-12 12x = 72+12 12x = 84 x = 8412 x=7

    So the value of x is 7. But let us confirm it by substituting it in the unknown values sides and checking the proportions of it.

    BC = x-1 = 7-1 = 6DF = 3(x+1) = 3(7+1) = 3×8 = 24

    Now we check the proportions for the corresponding sides.

    ABDE=412=13 BCEF=618=13 ACDF=824=13

    As the given triangles are similar triangles, their proportional corresponding side should be equal. And we clearly see that they are equal. Hence our value of x=7 is correct.

    SSS Theorem - Key takeaways

    • SSS theorem : If all the three corresponding sides of two triangles are equal to each other, then they are congruent.
    • SSS congruence theorem : The two triangles are congruent if all the three respective sides of both the triangles are equal.
    • SSS Similarity Theorem : Two triangles are said to be similar when the corresponding sides of these two triangles are proportional.
    Frequently Asked Questions about SSS Theorem

    What is SSS a congruence theorem?

    The two triangles are congruent if all the three respective sides of both the triangles are equal.

    How do you solve SSS theorem?

    SSS theorem can be solved by taking equal corresponding sides.

    How do you prove SSS similarity theorem?

    SSS similarity theorem is proved by using AA - similarity and SSS congruence theorem.

    What is an example of SSS similarity theorem?

    An example of SSS similarity theorem is one triangle with sides 9,15,18 and another triangle with sides 6,10,12.

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